What Is Cholesterol and Why Do I Need to Manage It?
Cholesterol isn’t a bad thing as we heard negative about it everywhere. It is an organic molecule which is found in the cells in your body which is necessary to make hormones, vitamin D, and substances that help you to digest foods. The Cholesterol basically comes in our body from two sources, mainly liver makes it in a larger amount and in small amount it comes from the animal foods like dairy products, flash, meat etc.
The best way to know for sure if you have high cholesterol level in your body is a simple blood test which is done by your physician. It tells you the exact levels of cholesterol in your body.
A cholesterol screening test basically reveals if you are one from the millions of adults who have high LDL (“bad”) cholesterol, which increases your risk of heart disease and stroke – the top causes of death in the whole world today. The High-level cholesterol can be treated successfully with balanced diet, exercise, and, if needed, medication individualized for you based on your health and medical history.
Produced by your liver, cholesterol is essential to many life-sustaining functions. However, too much cholesterol can cause a buildup in your bloodstream and hardening of your arteries.
Cholesterol is divided into two main categories:
- Low-density lipoproteins (LDL)– Considered cholesterol’s “bad” form, LDL enables cholesterol to create deposits (plaque) that build up and harden on the walls of blood vessels. Whenever this happens in the coronary arteries (the arteries that serve your heart), it makes body uncomfortable because it reduces your heart’s supply of oxygen-rich blood.
- High-density lipoproteins (HDL) –HDL is the “good” cholesterol because it helps reduce LDL levels.
Cholesterol levels – What is good, what is not?
Nearly half of all Americans have high or elevated cholesterol. Because high cholesterol doesn’t cause any symptoms, only a blood test can reveal your cholesterol numbers.
Cholesterol is measured in milligrams (mg) of cholesterol per deciliter (dL) of blood. Your cholesterol level is considered high if you have total cholesterol levels of 240 mg/dL or higher. It’s considered borderline when it’s between 200 and 239 mg/dL.
Total cholesterol levels below 200 mg/dL are considered ideal, but your individual target cholesterol level may be different, as determined by your doctor and depending on your risk factors for heart disease.
What are the dangers of high cholesterol?
Your body makes cholesterol, and you likewise get it when you eat eggs, meats, and dairy items. When you have more than your body needs, cholesterol can make plaque develop in your corridors. This thick, hard substance can stop up your supply routes like a blocked pipe. Diminished bloodstream can prompt a stroke or heart assault.
Regardless of the dangers, around one out of three Americans have not had their cholesterol tried in the previous five years – as suggested by The American Heart Association. Elevated cholesterol may not stress you enough since it doesn’t cause side effects or agony, yet the dangers can be extremely serious to your wellbeing.