What causes high blood pressure?
What is high blood pressure?
High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. Blood pressure (BP) is the amount of force exerted on the walls of the arteries as blood flows through them. Your blood pressure measurement takes into account how much blood is passing through your blood vessels and the amount of resistance the blood meets while the heart is pumping. As per researches many people have it for years without knowing it.
Many times blood pressure occurs without any symptoms that don’t mean it’s harmless. In fact, uncontrolled high blood pressure, or hypertension, causes damage to your arteries, especially those in the kidneys and eyes. High blood pressure also gets you in the situation of stroke, heart attack, and other cardiovascular problems.
Blood that has low oxygen levels is pumped towards the lungs, where oxygen supplies are replenished. The heart needed oxygen-rich blood to supply our muscles and cells and the pumping of blood creates pressure.
If a person is suffering from high blood pressure disease, it means that the walls of the arteries are receiving too much pressure on a constant basis.
After all these medical reforms we didn’t find which thing or condition cause blood pressure to slowly increase. A combination of factors may play a role.
These factors include:
- Genes: Some people are genetically predisposed to hypertension. This may be from gene mutations or genetic abnormalities inherited from your parents.
- Physical changes: If something in your body changes, you may begin experiencing issues throughout your body and the high blood pressure may be one of those issues.
- Habits: Unhealthy lifestyle choices like lack of physical activities and your poor diet also affect your health. Some lifestyle choices can lead to weight problems. Being overweight or obese can increase your risk for hypertension.
- Age: In older ages, you have more chances of having high blood pressure. But sometimes age doesn’t matter.
- Smoking: Smoking causes the blood vessels to narrow, resulting in higher blood pressure. It reduces the level of oxygen in the blood which tends heart to pump faster in order to compensate, causing a rise in blood pressure.
- Alcohol: Doctors always recommend not to drink daily basis but people who drink regularly have higher systolic blood pressure than people who do not, according to researchers.
- Excess salt intake: Researchers reported that societies, where people do not eat much salt, have lower blood pressures than places where people eat a lot of salt.
There is no common symptom because many people don’t experience any symptoms. It is often known as the “silent killer” for this reason.
When blood pressure reaches 70/100 mmHg its considered as a medical emergency known as a hypertensive crisis. At this stage, symptoms will show, including:
- a headache
- blurred or double vision
- palpitations, or irregular or forceful beating of the heart
Even if a person is feeling normal and previously suffered from High Blood Pressure, he has to check his blood pressure frequently or its recommended to check it with the frequency of 6 months at least.
What are the “Complications” in High Blood Pressure situation
If your blood pressure is not decreasing on that situation these complications may hit you because the excessive pressure on the artery walls can lead to damage of the blood vessels (cardiovascular disease), as well as vital organs.
- blood clots
- heart attack and heart failure
- kidney disease
- thickened, narrow, or torn blood vessels in the eyes
- brain function and memory problems due to clot
Treatment & Precautions
Make changes in your diet plan which will definitely help you to control your high blood pressure:
- Lower the use of salt in your diet
- Add fruits which you love especially the seasonal fruits (according to your situation if you have Diabetes then chooses which suits you)
- Use green vegetables
- brown rice and whole-wheat pasta
- fish rich in omega-3 fatty oils
- Lower the intake of Alcohol as mentioned above
Control your weight if you are obese
- Do some regular basis exercise with a low-calorie diet which not only loses your weight but also energize your metabolism.
- Also, go through the meditation if you are suffering from stress problem which also a cause of high blood pressure.
There are a lot of medications from different brands that can be used to treat high blood pressure if lifestyle changes alone aren’t helping. Many cases will require up to two different medications:
- captopril (Capoten)
- lisinopril (Zestril and Prinivil)
- benazepril (Lotensin)
- quinapril (Accupril)
- perindopril (Aceon)
- ramipril (Altace)
If you are feeling uncomfortable after taking medications then we recommend you to visit a doctor or a hospital without getting too late because situation sometimes gets worse. As an educated person or being adult, we didn’t pay so much attention toward these situations which transform in a big problem in future.
Thanks for reading…